Steps in Arranging Funeral Services

It’s difficult to deal with death, and that’s why it’s essential for you to prepare for it whether it’s for your own death or for your loved ones’. While planning and arranging a funeral service might seem stressful, you should not let your emotions take over you because this is a big responsibility.

By putting a little patience, you can already arrange a memorable funeral service for the deceased even if he didn’t leave any plans about his burial.

The following steps will help you arrange a loving ceremony in memory of the deceased:

1. Choose a preferred funeral provider 

Don’t get overwhelmed with a lot of things when you’re arranging funeral services. Deciding on a particular funeral provider that will organize the service is the first thing you need to do. You can search for a wide list of providers over the Internet and in directories.
Here are some of the things to consider when selecting a particular provider:

  • Location – Ideally, you should choose a funeral provider that’s close to the home of the deceased so that it’s more convenient for them to conduct burial or crematory services.
  • Reputation – Go for a provider that has been around for quite some time and is also known for quality service. New ones can provide the same set of funeral services but nothing can beat the kind of service that a reputable funeral provider is giving.
  • Recommendation from friends and relatives – While it’s good to look for an ideal funeral provider, it’s also good to know if friends and other family members already have a suggested provider for the funeral. This could make the search for nearby funeral providers within the community much easier.
  • Price list and discounts – Knowing the actual cost per item can help you reduce the cost of the funeral service.

2. Provide basic information of the deceased to the funeral director

This will help the director in making arrangements and acquiring necessary papers and permits. Some of the required information include:

  • Full name of the deceased
  • Date and place of birth
  • Date and place of death
  • Date and place of interment
  • Your complete name and your relationship with the deceased

3. Decide on what type of funeral should be used

If the funeral arrangement is for your own death, you may choose the best plan that fits your needs. If it’s for someone else, you can check his will for instructions on his preferred funeral – whether it’s a direct cremation or a full-service type of funeral.

4. Arrange the payments

The costs will depend on the type of funeral service. For instance, there’s an added cost for embalming the body if you wish to arrange open viewing types of funeral. If you are planning to purchase a casket with elaborate design, it can cost you about three times the actual price of an ordinary casket.
Additional charges will also depend on the type of service but settling the payment could be via cash, life insurance, loans, or credit cards.

5. Secure a copy of the death certificate

This can help you finalize all the affairs that are related to the deceased such as filing of life insurance claims or cancellation of credit cards. This certificate can be requested via phone, mail, or online.

6. Post death notices in newspaper obituaries or online

This is one way of letting other people know about the funeral services for the deceased. Take note that there’s an added cost for placing the death notice again the next day in newspapers. To save cost, it’s recommended to post the death notice online indefinitely.
Paying a tribute becomes more memorable if loving messages are included in the notice apart from the basic information of the deceased.

7. Notify close people regarding the funeral services

It’s your call to decide on the number of people you’d like to invite for the funeral. Usually, it depends on the circle of friends and family of the deceased. Some people to notify and invite are the following:

  • Friends, relatives and even close neighbors of the deceased.
  • His former colleagues
  • Members of a particular community or organization that he joined in.

8. Select flowers

Usually, casket viewings and funeral ceremonies involve floral displays. You can always choose the type of flower to be displayed and this can be ordered through the chosen provider or on a separate supplier.

9. Make transportation arrangements

Some funeral providers offer additional fees for a limousine or car that will be used to transport the deceased from the place of the wake to his final resting place.

10. Dress appropriately

Wearing black is a common practice when attending funerals but there’s no actual rule about the color of dress to be worn. Just stay away from wearing dresses with wild patterns or bright colours to show respect.

The challenge coins of

Military personnel, policemen, firefighters, and military cadets undergo rigid training before going to their respective units. One of the most important aspects of their training is the concept of the buddy system. There were many instances where the buddy system proved to be an effective way of surviving even the worst case scenario in war and in peace.

Also included in their training is teamwork. They were trained to depend on one another for the accomplishment of their missions. With their patches and badges, a member feels belongingness to his team. Military coins similar to those presented by also denote one’s belongingness to a team.

Origin of challenge coins

There is no clear confirmation as to the origin of challenge coins. However, there were considerations that at some point in the Roman Empire, coins were given to soldiers as tokens for their good performance in battles.

During the First World War, a rich squadron commander gave medallions to his pilots before their mission. The medallions were inscribed with the squadron’s insignia. There were no reasons cited for giving out those medallions, except that they were used to identify the members of the squadron.

Challenge Coins In one of their missions, one plane was shot down and the Germans held the pilot as prisoner. The Germans took all the pilot’s personal belongings except for a small bag containing the medallion given by the squadron commander. Fortunately, he was able to escape and reached France. However, he was charged with espionage in France and was ordered to be executed.

Before his execution, a French soldier recognized his medallion’s engravings. Because of that, his execution was canceled and he later rejoined his unit.

During the Vietnam War in the 1960’s, American unit commanders gave live bullets to their soldiers as tokens for accomplishing their missions. However, the practice was stopped due to the risk that the bullets may accidentally fire when soldiers challenge one another. The bullets were replaced with military coins.

As to where and when the beginning of challenge coins started is not clear. However, the value of the first challenge coins may not be different from the coins offered by

The coin challenge

There were stories that the first coin challenge took place in Germany after the Second World War ended in 1945. American soldiers conducted penny checks at their checkpoints using German coins. After that, military personnel started challenging each other in bars and nightclubs for a good round of drinks also using German coins.

The secret handshake

There is also a story about former US Defense Secretary Robert Gates’ visit to Afghanistan in 2011. He went to Afghanistan to boost the morale of the American soldiers stationed there. It was said that when he shook the hands of the soldiers, they were surprised to receive military coins that were concealed in the palm of the secretary.

The VIP coins

United States Presidents and Vice Presidents also have their own coins. Most of those coins are commemorative and are given only to selected recipients because they are limited in number.

Challenge Coin

The business challenge coins

When you visit, you will be treated not only with a showcase of military challenge coins but also with the business challenge coins.

Recognizing the achievements of employees may not end with plaques and citations, salary increases, bonuses, and other monetary benefits. Aside from these considerations, employees will be elated when they receive challenge coins that they can carry anytime and to any place they want.

Celebrating the yearly company anniversary may not be measured by the number of bottles of red wine and champagne served to employees and guests. They will also appreciate receiving company giveaways like bags and shirts. However, commemorative business challenge coins given as giveaways may last forever.

The company’s good performance in the industry may not be consummated by giving out bonuses to employees. However, distributing business challenge coins aside from the monetary considerations will boost the morale of employees. It will not be surprising that the company’s performance will be better the following period.


In case that you have a plan to acquire military coins, commemorative coins, or business challenge coins for your organization, you may visit They offer high-quality, durable and state-of-the-art challenge coins at reasonable prices. Their talented and experienced design artists will give you their services at no extra costs.

They have an array of challenge coins to choose from. However, if you wish to have your coins customized to suit your specifications, the design artists can work on your details to give you the best results.

With just a press of a button, the challenge begins at

Everything You Need To Know About Golf Shirts

It is important to wear proper clothing that allows for comfort and better performance on the green. At Rockbottomgolf, we have an extensive range of shirts, pants and accessories to make your every game memorable and stress-free. Take time to read through this guide and know more information about one of the most important apparel that every golfer needs to take into consideration.

Different Types of Golf Shirt Fabrics

Taylormade golfGolf shirts come in a variety of colors, sizes and types of fabrics. As there’s a wide array of options to choose from, it may be confusing to find and buy the correct type of fabric that suits your preference, as well as the weather condition. Some golfers claim that the materials used in making golf apparels enhance their performance during each game. Additionally, the comfort of the golfer can be based upon the type of fabric he is wearing. The most commonly used types of fabric for golf clothing are cotton and polyester.

Cotton is the most common type of all. Cotton-made fabrics are soft, light and comfortable. This fabric is also popular for its unique characteristic—it becomes cool when the weather is hot, and warm when it is cold. Also, cotton is favored by players who have sensitive skin for quite obvious reasons.

There are various types of cotton that are used for making shirts—most common are mercerized cotton and Pima cotton. The mercerizing process eliminates stray fibers from the thread before the weaving process takes place. This makes the fabric more durable, shinier and smoother, and provides better fit and comfort than the regular cotton fabric. Pima cotton, on the other hand, is a top quality type of cotton that is known for its lengthy fibers. Once woven, this fabric type creates superb density and softness, which makes the cloth light while still providing warmth.

However, cotton-made materials also have a disadvantage. The color of golf shirts that are made of cotton fades easier than those made from other fabrics. But generally, cotton is a recommended type of fabric for all golfers.

Golf apparelAnother type that is commonly used is polyester. These are synthetic fabrics which offer a lighter feel than cotton. Often, polyesters are made in conjunction with other materials such as cotton or microfiber. By doing this combination, the quality of the fabric is enhanced. Clothes that are made of polyesters are easier to wash and dry faster than other fabrics. They are also more bendable, so it is easier to move freely on the green. However, just like any other fabric type, polyesters also have some downsides. This fabric is said to be prone to developing an unpleasant odor so some players are more inclined to choosing a different fabric for their shirts.

The fabric types used to make golf shirts aren’t limited to the ones described above. As a matter of fact, there are tons more of options to choose from. You can check out our website to know more about this. At the end of the day, your choice of clothing boils down to your personal taste, preferences and lifestyle.

Tips on Buying Golf Shirts

You can look stylish and professional on and off the green when you’re wearing the right type of golf shirt. Whether you are looking for golf clothing, long sleeve shirts or golf polo shirts, you can find the exact style that suits you and keeps you comfortable throughout the game. Here are some general tips to consider when buying golf shirts.

• Comfort

If the weather is warm, you can wear a lightweight polo shirt to keep yourself cool. It will also allow you to move more easily during the game. Men’s shirts in light colors such as white, tan or grey are recommended for hot seasons.

• Button-ups

If you’re not satisfied with simple polo shirts, try out a button-up shirt. A checked or striped shirt looks good with a pair of khaki pants or shorts. Button-ups are a nice way to make your golf outfit more personalized.

• Golf Sweaters

When the weather starts to become cooler, you can still play on the green while wearing a nice golf sweater and other clothing that is intended to make you feel warmer during the cold days. Go for a sweater made of cotton or microfiber in pleasing colors like navy blue, cream, black or hunter green. You can also get a shirt made of polyester or nylon for particularly windy days.

If you’re still too confused to make a decision on which type of apparel to go for, you may give us a call and we’re more than willing to give you a professional advice.

Rockbottomgolf offer their own brands of Golf shirts manufactures in various colors, sizes and styles.

Success Tips to Become Motivational Speakers

Keynote speakerMore and more companies are investing on their employees. For this reason, they are calling motivational speakers to deliver inspiration speech during their company events. These companies do not just need average motivational speakers, instead they want great inspirational speakers who can inspire and motivate their people. How can you identify between the best and the average motivational speakers? Here is a list of the qualities that the best motivational speakers possess. Take note of these qualities to help yourself become a great motivational speaker who can deliver a speech with great impact to your audience.

Personal Engagement

They just do not give ordinary speeches; they create personal engagement with their audience. They have the capacity to go deeper and look for the weaknesses of their participants. Then, they will search for the right solutions to overpower the weak points and let their audience take action.

Influence People

The best motivational speakers have the capacity to influence their audience through unique ways. They do not allow their audience to feel jealousy or hatred. They allow people to enjoy their company, they listen to them and they influence their emotions and thoughts.

Consciousness and Awareness

As a speaker, you need to be conscious of your actions. Your audience look up to you as a role model. You need to drop actions or bad habits that distract or confuse your audience.

To become a better speaker, you have to clearly identify the strongest interpersonal qualities that you possess. Ask yourself the following questions: What are the qualities that I need to improve on? How can I connect best to my audience? The great speakers capitalize their strengths in order to capture the attention of their audience. This makes your speech and presentation unique, engaging and understandable.

Do this simple activity to identify the specific areas where you excel. Create a list of your best traits and put them on a journal. Think of ways on how you can capitalize these strengths during your presentation. For instance, you have the skill to make complex ideas simple. Highlight this quality throughout your presentation.

Compassionate and Empathy

Start making your speech by asking yourself, “What does my audience want to hear and learn from me?” Most speakers will start by asking themselves, “What do I want to say?” To become a better speaker, you need to help your audience reach the goals that they have set before attending the event.

New and Freshness

Be unique in every speaking engagement you conduct. Make your speaking engagements memorable to your audience by being spontaneous, yet prepared.


A great motivational speaker has the capacity to identify which information is out or in. This can make the journey of your participants remarkable.


Get out of your comfort zone to provide your participants with the best and the most unforgettable speech. This gives great impact to a public speaking engagement.


Be yourself. Your authenticity is one of the best tactics to connect with your audience. This gives your speech the “wow” factor.


Do not hold back in sharing information. Give everything to your audience. Remember, whatever you give will go back to you a thousand times.

Story Telling

Your audience sit on your speaking engagements because they want to learn or are thirsty for valuable information. They also stay because they want to hear your stories. Sharing stories is a perfect approach to energize, excite and engage your audience. By sharing your stories, your audience will be able to feel what you feel.

Consider sharing a story of your personal path or triumph or struggle. Do not be afraid to reveal secret information about yourself. You also need to show that you are vulnerable and human as well.

The above article will help you top select a best motivational speaker. While selection of a great speaker which tips keep in mind that can be explained very well. Also visit motivational-speaker-success website for a best speaker.

Preventing Child Abductions through Enhanced Security

Schools are perceived by parents to have some of the most inept security precautions especially with regards to child abductions. The reason for this is that most school administrators and staff are not aware of custody battles between the parents. Sometimes these school administrators are the last to know since most parents do not want to admit that they are going through a divorce. Custody battles may not be seen as relevant but can be perceived by school administrators as a school security risk, especially for primary schools.

ID LanyardsOne of the most effective way to minimize a security risk is to implementthe use of ID badges on ID lanyards not only for visitors but for the students and staff members as well. The ID can be also used to reveal whether the staff member is currently working for the school since some schools administrators do not require their previous employees to surrender their IDs. Any staff member without a valid ID badge can be refused entry to any part of the school. The reason for this is that school administrators want to make sure that each individual inside the school has a legitimate purpose – understandable given a high staff turnover.

Even though custody battles is perceived to be one of the reasons for child abductions in schools, child molesters are a bigger threat. The worst fear of school administrators is to tell a parent that their child is missing or taken from the school especially when a strict security protocol is in place. Students can be considered as another form of security since they can be taught to prevent the incidence of child abductions. Students can tell a teacher or staff member about any unauthorized individuals especially those not wearing a visitor badge on ID lanyards.

Wearing their ID on ID lanyards creates a feeling of unity for the students and staff members since they can immediately detect strangers in their midst. Even the parents of the students can be considered as a threat by the children or a staff member,especially when they are not wearing a visitor badge. Any individual not wearing a valid ID badge and perceived to be a potential threat is removed by security personnel and staff members. This security layer minimizes the chance that children will not be forcibly taken by warring parents or strangers from the school premises.

Teachers unions may not initially welcome the use of security badges especially within the school premises since they may consider it demeaning. Teachers may request the school administrator to have their own unique ID badge design so that the teachers are distinguished from other staff members. The added value of using distinctive ID badges on school ID lanyards is that unauthorized persons in the school are easily detected.

Some schools have already implemented an automated ID card reader especially in a school with a significant number of students. Some school administrators consider the automated card reader to be a cheaper alternative when compared to hiring a number of security personnel. But this this is not a foolproof security approach since the automated ID card reader can be bypassed by an individual with malicious intent. Any unauthorized individual can avoid detection by using the ID badge of the teachers or staff member. Most children assume that any adult with an ID badge on ID lanyards are either teachers or staff members and may not be on guard.

To prevent security problems, school administrators need to hire security personnel so that they can easily check the validity of the ID badge and the person wearing it.


Manufacturing a printed circuit board involves many steps. For one, you’ll have to choose the pattern you want and the software you will use to design your own circuit board. Remember that you must design in reverse or have a 360-degree movement for easier view of all parts. Leave a distance of at least 1.0 mm between electrical paths. Make sure that you choose perfect locations for drilling holes in the actual board.

Printed Circuit boardOnce the circuit design is laid out, try to find errors and correct them immediately. When you’re completely satisfied, print a copy. Check the printout. Then print a mask or negative image using clear plastic sheet. Using this kind of sheet results to a clearer image of the circuit pattern as unused areas are shown in black color.

Steps in manufacturing a printed circuit board (PCB):

• The first vital step is generating the circuit fabrication data with the use of CAD. Circuit board follows 22 fabrication steps which require data modules and digitally-controlled operation. Once the data is loaded and read by a Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software application, production tools will be generated.

• Penalization groups the circuit boards to the panel for manufacturing process. The main purpose of penalization is to secure the boards as they pass the assembly, manufacturing, and shipping processes. It aims to make the separation free from any damage through routing perforations, drilling, or cutting grooves along the circuit boundaries. Another way is laser penalization.

• Copper patterning is the step to replicate the circuit design using CAM fabricator’s system on the copper foil. The underlying insulating layer of silicon oxide is patterned with trenches and filled with a thick layer of copper coating.

Removing the excess copper can be done through additive, semi-additive, and subtractive methods.

1.Additive method – The circuit pattern in the mask or processed photosensitive film is laminated to the surface of the bare substrate with copper through electroplating. When the mask is peeled off, the printed circuit board is ready for the next step. Using additive method does not require many materials so it reduces waste production.

2.Semi-additive method – In this method, the substrate contains a thin layer of copper. A reverse mask, which exposes the tracing path, is placed on top of the board. With the use of additional copper, the film is plated.

3.Subtractive method removes excess copper from the platform, leaving the desired coated pattern.

• Chemical etching uses ferric chloride or ammonium per sulfate. It is commonly used in small-scale production. There are different kinds of chemical etching:

1.Immersion etching – The board is immersed in the solution.

2.Splash etching – The board is etched with a motor-operated paddle.

3.Bubble etching – Air is applied through an etchant bath to stir the solution, thus hastening etching.

4.Spray etching – The most popular etching method where the solution is sprayed over the substrate.

• Automatic optical inspection – The inside layers pass through a machine to compare the physical form against the original design generated by computer.

• Lamination – It is done by applying heat and pressure for a certain period to press stacks of copper-clad laminated boards with circuit patterns.

• Drilling – The operation is done by automated drilling machines with sharp-coated tungsten carbide drill bits.

• Plating and Coating – The printed circuit board is usually etched then rinsed with water before coating application. The choices vary from solder mask, tin, nickel, or gold coating.

• Application of solder-resist or solder mask – It protects the circuit board from harsh factors in the environment which can affect performance.

• Protection – After the electronic components are soldered into place, the printed circuit board will undergo conformal coating through spraying or dipping. The purpose is to fully protect the finished product against environmental factors that can damage it.

There’s no denying that manufacturing PCBs is far from simple, and so, you need to properly plan before engaging in such an endeavor.

The History and Impact of Using Movable Cubicles in Architecture

Shipping containers were originally developed in the 1950s to revolutionize the industries related to shipping and transport. These containers provided a convenient and efficient means of transporting items from one location to another. Crews no longer need to manually move the crates one by one and the shipping containers facilitated a batched transport of hundreds and thousands.

In 1987, the potential in movable cubicles to be transformed into something else came up through a US patent. These corrugated steel boxes were seen more than being a closed container for shipping. A patent was filed in the US for the methods that will convert steel containers from shipping and transport into habitable structure. The diagrams and methodologies in the documented patent now appear to form the basic foundation of current architectural ideas on cubicles and containers.

Early architecture on movable cubicles are done outside the closed space of the container. Two or more cubicles are usually placed close to each other, and then a covering is placed on top to form the roof. The spaces formed in between the cubicles serve as the movement area as the interior of the container is very limited.

ContainersIn the modern world, shipping containers abound in different places in the world. Once a container has been used to ship products to another location, companies usually become hesitant to ship it back to its origin as shipping an empty container is very expensive. Mores, buying a new container can be a cheaper alternative than shipping an empty container. As a result, empty containers are being left unused. To lessen the environmental impact of leaving empty containers, people have come up with the idea of developing these cubicles into houses and even cities. In 2006, the first two-storey structure in the US made from cubicle and was approved by the building code has been designed in Southern California. There are also container cities in the world like Trinity Buoy Wharf in London, and Keetwonen Student Housing in Amsterdam.

Transforming cubicles and containers into houses got attention throughout the world mainly because of its durability, lower construction turnaround, cost, and eco-friendliness. Not only the empty containers are being recycled, but also the container framework minimizes the need for environmentally damaging and heavy concrete foundation. However, some are also arguing the benefits of using movable cubicles as houses, and says that it brings more environmental damage than good.

These cubicles are basically shipping containers designed to withstand external factors during an ocean transport. With this, cubicles have a special coating to make it durable against sea water. The coating is composed of ingredients like chromate, phosphorous, and lead-based substances. These ingredients are harmful to both environment and human health. The wood flooring used in containers were also treated with arsenic and chromium pesticides to make sure that the container will not be breeding ground for pests during transport.

Some also says that while containers can be a low energy and eco-friendly alternative in building houses, the supporting methodologies needed to make the containers habitable produces more ecological waste. The containers cannot be used as it is. It needs to be treated first with different methodologies. The container needs to be stripped bare through sandblasting and replace its pesticide-infused wood flooring. Openings and windows must be cut with torch. With these methodologies, one container will eventually produce bigger amount of waste before it becomes suitable for structuring.

Another issue is insulation. Since movable cubicles are made from steel, it conducts heat and cold very well leaving its interior either very cold in winter or very hot in summer. Thus, higher energy consumption is needed to keep the cubicle at a liable temperature.

What is Baseball Pin Trading?

Baseball-PinIf you get into a hobby, it helps in releasing the stress that can be caused by a daily routine. Sometimes, your hobby can use up your resources since you enjoy what you do. These resources can be used especially if the hobby that you are in will be collecting certain items. Some may go for stamps, toys or rare coins because it is something that they like. Other will go for baseball pins and some will even go as far as trading with other collectors.

Trading pins has been popular for quite some time and they come in different themes, depending on where you acquire them. Amusement parks have their own set of pins and in some instances they hold their own pin trading event for enthusiasts to attend. Pins that can be traded in such events can have a high value, depending on the style and how rare they are lately. There are also some special events that may happen only once a year or even once in a lifetime that will produce their own pins. Pins from such an event becomes very valuable because those pins can become one-of-a-kind.

Sports teams, clubs and events will have their own pins. Yearly sporting events also produce their own trading pins. Such pins are made on a yearly basis and will have a different version each year. The year of when the pin was made will also be visible from it. The one item that will not disappear from such a pin will be the team name, and baseball pins are popular with this. There are a lot of baseball fans and being able to see and collect the pins from your favourite baseball team can become the best experience.

Baseball pins usually use metal for their base, and the common choice is copper. The designs on them are usually made from enamel powder and these pins will have an average size of 1.75 inches to 2 inches. A butterfly clasp can be spotted as the way to attach these pins to your clothes.

Baseball fans would range from little kids to old people, and the same goes for collectors of baseball pins. Others will be into the hobby so deep that they are willing to go through a lot of lengths to get all the pins that they want, up to a point where they are willing to pay a tremendous amount of money for a single pin. There will be others that go for the simple route and they just want to collect those that belong to their team.

When starting a trade, the first thing that a collector will look into is the rarity of the pin. Getting a lot of information about the pin, including when it was manufactured, is important. The person giving away the pin for trade must make sure that the information that he is giving about the pin is correct, or else he will lose the trust of other pin traders.

When you offer a pin for trade, you must check when it was made. It is possible that the pin may be special, but it may have been made at a mass production level, so it may be easy to find. Asking for help from “pinheads,” as other pin collectors are called, can be okay. Other collectors can be helpful to those that are just starting. Also make sure you have a few other pins available for trade with other people, too.

Trading pins is fairly easy, especially during a pin trading event. Enthusiasts will proudly wear their pins on their shirts, scarves, vests and caps and they would walk around and interact with other collectors. A trade can be started by greeting another enthusiast and pointing to the pin that you want, while offering the pin that you can give in exchange. Never touch the pin that you want, but you can ask the owner to try to bring it closer to you. Once the trade is done, a simple handshake and a “Thank you!” can end the trade properly. The other fun side of pin trading is you getting to meet other people from other places that share the same interests as yours.